Jueves, 23 de noviembre de 2017

United States Welfare System – A History: Part 1

The Great Depression in the 1930s, caused largely by the debt and destruction incurred from World War I and by the stock market crash of 1929, created poverty the likes of which trivia crack cheats the United States had never before endured. Millions of citizens suffered from hunger and poverty, causing turmoil, unrest, and a considerable amount of crime. Simply put, people had to feed their families, but banks were closing, people lost all of their savings and means of income, 8 ball pool cheat tool and many resorted to looting and violence to feed and clothe themselves and their children.

By 1935, the financial crisis peaked, but there was no end in sight to the economic malaise. The government had little choice but to step in and create a welfare system to protect its citizens from dying and the country from breaking down. That system still exists to this day, though it has evolved over the years. This article covers the history and the evolution of the American welfare system over the past 7 plus decades. In part 1 of this 2 part series, we will discuss the beginnings of this welfare system up and through the Second World War. Part 2 will continue examining that history into the real racing 3 hack present-day.

By 1931, 2 years after the Great Crash, the Depression came. So many citizens were flat broke, even in exceptional cities like New York City, that many lived as though they existed in a third-world country. Grocery stores were looted en masse. The New York Times reported such an candy crush saga hack incident candy crush saga cheat on February 26th, 1931: “Several hundred men and women in an unemployed demonstration today stormed a grocery store and meat market in the Gateway district, smashed plate-glass windows and helped themselves to bacon and ham, fruit and canned goods.”

The crisis was awful, though far from over. The Depression itself lasted twelve years. By 1933, more than 31 million single mothers, disabled citizens, and 8 ball pool hack elderly citizens lived an extremely meager existence, barely surviving with the help of charities, state and local governments. The ranks of the homeless filled rapidly until the state and candy crush soda saga local governments were downright broke, and unable to accommodate all those in need. For most Americans, the ability to support the family and to establish a life was lost, and the American Dream seemed dead. Schools shut down. Children roamed the streets looking for handouts or unskilled labor boom beach hack jobs to help support their families. All classes were affected by the crisis, and even many highly skilled professionals could not find work.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt did his best to stimulate growth and jobs, but it wasn’t enough. He instituted a policy called the New Deal to try to address the widespread causes and symptoms of the dilemma, focusing on the “3 R’s: relief, recovery, and reform. That is, “Relief for madden mobile the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.”

As a part of these new, necessary policies, by 1935, a national, madden mobile federal welfare system was established to help pull America and Americans up by their bootstraps. Though a national welfare system was a foreign concept to most Americans, a nation founded on the principles of individualism, moviestarplanet capitalism and freedom, the federal government assumed these responsibilities that were previously administered to by state and local governments.

The federal government began addressing the problem by providing jobs for many out of work citizens, creating community employment by paying for various public works projects, but this was not a large enough fix to support the many candy crush saga hack tool single mothers, paupers, elderly and disabled that suffered from the disaster who could not fend for themselves. In 1935, Roosevelt proposed a federal unemployment policy and retirement age benefit system before Congress during his State of the Union Address, and this was the true birth of the American welfare system.

By August 18th of 1935 the Social Security Act was passed, and 8 ball pool hack the American Social Security System was implemented to assist those people aged 65 and older, no longer capable of working to support themselves. The system was paid for by payroll taxes to be shared by workers and employers alike. Employers were also responsible for paying for unemployment insurance as part of this Act. Once the federal taxes and policies were enacted, the government assumed blitz brigade hack a nationalist welfare role that forever changed this country. The federal government helped pay for assistance for disadvantaged children under the age of 16 and disabled citizens. Though Roosevelt and the blitz brigade hack tool Congress thought the need for assistance would disappear after the economic crisis subsided, it never did, and welfare assistance and taxes have grown ever since.

The national welfare system continued to grow. The WPA (Works Progress Administration), established to oversee and implement the public works employment policy instituted in 1935, was eliminated in 1943 during World War II, employing between 1 and 3 million people on any given day during its run. A half a million miles of the road were repaired thanks to this program, along with many bridges and buildings. Though ambitions for the progressives that backed the welfare system were largely thwarted by Southern Republicans, for instance, a national healthcare system was shot down; the welfare system was established and was growing. Beginning with a little over 200 million dollars in federal aid in 1932, this assistance was increased to a remarkable 4 billion plus by 1939. More aid was to come in the years following the War. In part 2 of this 2 part series, we’ll continue the history and growth of the national welfare system in the United States.

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